Chronically instrumented awake dogs were used to study the effects of nitroglycerin and propranolol on the transmural distribution of myocardial blood flow during transient ischemia. Studies were carried out 7-14 d after implantation of an electromagnetic flowmeter probe and balloon occluder on the left circumflex coronary artery, placement of epicardial minor axis sonar crystals, and implantation of left atrial, left ventricular, and aortic catheters. The occluder was inflated to completely interrupt flow for 10 s followed by partial release to reestablish flow at 60% of the preocclusion level. During this partial release, which served as the control for the study, regional myocardial blood flow was measured with 7- to 10-μm radioactive microspheres. After control measurements, seven dogs were given nitroglycerin (0.4 mg i.v.) and eight dogs propranolol (0.2 mg/kg i.v.). 5 min later the occlusion and partial release sequence was repeated, and regional myocardial blood flow was measured when heart rate, aortic and left ventricular end-diastolic pressure, and minor axis diameter were unchanged from control values.
Judith L. Swain, John P. Parker, Philip A. McHale, Joseph C. Greenfield Jr.