Preferential expansion of the plasma volume by infusion of salt-poor hyperoncotic albumin solution decreases sodium reabsorption by the proximal tubule. The present micropuncture studies test the thesis that albumin infusion depresses proximal reabsorption by an effect unrelated to expansion of the plasma volume, perhaps due to an effect of parathyroid hormone (PTH) on proximal sodium reabsorption. Infusion of salt-poor hyperoncotic albumin significantly decreased plasma ionized calcium, increased immunoreactive PTH (iPTH) in plasma, decreased sodium reabsorption by the proximal tubule, and increased phosphate clearance. In contrast, infusions of albumin, in which the ionized calcium was restored to normal plasma levels, had no significant effect on ionized calcium, iPTH, proximal reabsorption, or phosphate clearance in intact dogs. Similarly, in parathyroidectomized animals given a constant replacement infusion of PTH, albumin infusion had no significant effect on proximal reabsorption or phosphate clearance. Plasma volume was markedly expanded following albumin infusion in all groups of dogs. These findings (a) indicate that PTH plays a significant role in the decrease in sodium reabsorption by the renal proximal tubule after salt-poor hyperoncotic albumin infusion, and (b) dissociate preferential expansion of the plasma volume from decreases in sodium reabsorption by the proximal tubule.
F G Knox, E G Schneider, L R Willis, J W Strandhoy, C E Ott, J L Cuche, R S Goldsmith, C D Arnaud
Usage data is cumulative from December 2021 through December 2022.
Usage information is collected from two different sources: this site (JCI) and Pubmed Central (PMC). JCI information (compiled daily) shows human readership based on methods we employ to screen out robotic usage. PMC information (aggregated monthly) is also similarly screened of robotic usage.
Various methods are used to distinguish robotic usage. For example, Google automatically scans articles to add to its search index and identifies itself as robotic; other services might not clearly identify themselves as robotic, or they are new or unknown as robotic. Because this activity can be misinterpreted as human readership, data may be re-processed periodically to reflect an improved understanding of robotic activity. Because of these factors, readers should consider usage information illustrative but subject to change.