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Research Article

A synthetic peptide derived from the sequence of a type I collagen receptor inhibits type I collagen-mediated platelet aggregation.

T M Chiang and A H Kang

Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Memphis, Tennessee 38104, USA.

Published October 15, 1997

A synthetic peptide-1, an 18 amino acid residue peptide derived from a hydrophilic domain of a cloned platelet type I collagen receptor, was used to study the role of the receptor on types I and III collagen-induced platelet aggregation and the release of ATP. The peptide inhibits the type I, but not the type III, collagen-induced platelet aggregation and the release of ATP in a dose-dependent manner. The [125I]peptide-1 specifically binds to type I collagen-coated microtiter wells in a dose-dependent manner (with Kd = 10 nM). The binding of [125I]peptide-1 can be inhibited by an excess of unlabeled peptide-1 suggesting that the binding is specific. The labeled peptide-1 does not bind to type III collagen-coated microtiter wells. Results from an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay show that the peptide reacts with the poly- and monoclonal antibodies raised against the purified platelet type I collagen receptor (Mr 65 kD). The peptide also inhibits the adhesion of platelets on type I collagen matrix and rabbit aortic segments in a dose-dependent manner. These results suggest that the reactive site of the platelet receptor for type I collagen resides in this portion of the molecule.