Published in Volume
86, Issue 1
(July 1990)J Clin Invest.
1990, The American Society for
Cyclic adenosine monophosphate and diacylglycerol. Mutually inhibitory second messengers in cultured rat inner medullary collecting duct cells.
Department of Medicine, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver 80262.
Published July 1990
Studies were performed to examine interactions between the adenylyl cyclase (AC) and phospholipase C (PLC) signaling systems in cultured rat inner medullary collecting duct cells. Stimulation of AC by either arginine vasopressin (AVP) or forskolin or addition of exogenous cAMP inhibits epidermal growth factor (EGF)-stimulated PLC. This inhibition is mediated by activation of cAMP-dependent kinase as it is prevented by pretreatment with the A-kinase inhibitor, N-[2-(methylamino)ethyl]-5-isoquinoline-sulfonamide (H8) but not by the C-kinase inhibitor, 1-(5-isoquinolinylsulfonyl)-2-methylpiperazine (H7). Exposure to EGF eliminates AVP-stimulated cAMP generation. This is not mediated by a cyclooxygenase product as inhibition by EGF is observed even in the presence of the cyclooxygenase inhibitor, flurbiprofen. Inhibition by EGF is not due to an increase in inositol trisphosphate (IP3) as exposure of saponin-permeabilized cells to exogenous IP3 is without effect. Inhibition by EGF is prevented by pretreatment with the C-kinase inhibitor, H7, but not by the A-kinase inhibitor, H8. Exposure to the synthetic diacylglycerol (DAG), dioctanoylglycerol, also inhibits AVP-stimulated AC activity; therefore, inhibition by EGF is due to activation of protein kinase C. Thus, in cultured rat inner medullary collecting duct cells, cAMP and DAG function as mutually inhibitory second messengers with each impairing formation of the other.
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