First published April 1, 1982 - More info
The platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) is shown to be chemotactic for monocytes and neutrophils. Maximum monocyte chemotaxis to PDGF is fully equal to that achieved with C5a and occurs at congruent to 20 ng/ml (congruent to 0.7 nM). Maximum neutrophil chemotaxis is congruent to 60% that achieved with C5A but occurs at congruent to 1 ng/ml (congruent to 32 pM). The chemotactic activity of PDGF is blocked by specific antisera to PDGF and by protamine sulfate, a competitive inhibitor of PDGF binding to cell surfaces. In contrast to PDGF, epidermal growth factor shows no chemotactic activity for inflammatory cells at 0.5-100 ng/ml. The high level of chemotactic activity of PDGF suggests that in addition to its role as a mitogen for smooth muscle cells and fibroblasts, PDGF may be involved in attracting inflammatory cells to sites of platelet release.