Published in Volume
59, Issue 5
(May 1977)J Clin Invest.
1977, The American Society for
The role of 1 alpha, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D in the mediation of intestinal hyperabsorption of calcium in primary hyperparathyroidism and absorptive hypercalciuria.
Published May 1977
The cuase for the intestinal hyperabsorptionof calcium (Ca) in various forms of hypercalciurias was explored by a careful measurement of plasma 1 alpha, 25-dihydroxycholecalciferol [1 alpha, 25-(OH)I D] and by an assessment of intestinal Ca absorption and of parathyroid function. In 18 cases of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT), the mean plasma concentration of 1 alpha, 25-(OH)2D was significantly increased (4.9 +/- 2.2 SD ng/dl vs. 3.4 +/- 0.9 ng/dl for the control group), and was significantly correlated with fractional Ca absorption (alpha) (r = 0.80, P less than 0.001). Plasma 1 alpha, 25-(OH)2D was also correlated with urinary Ca (P less than 0.05), but not with serum Ca or phosphorus (P), P clearance, urinary cyclic AMP, or serum immunoreactive parathyroid hormone. In 21 cases of absorptive hypercalciuria (AH), plasma 1 alpha, 25-(OH)2D was elevated in one-third of cases, and the mean value of 4.5 +/- 1.1 ng/dl was significantly higher than that of the control group (P less than 0.01). Since relative hypoparathyroidism may be present, the normal absolute value of plasma 1 alpha, 25-(OH)2D, found in two-thirds of cases of AH, may be considered to be inappropriately high. Moreover, in the majority of cases of AH, the data points relating plasma 1 alpha, 25-(OH)2D and alpha fell within 95% confidence limits of values found in non-AH groups (including PHPT). The results suggest that the intestinal hyperabsorption of Ca in PHPT aw AH may be vitamin D dependent. However, the disturbance in vitamin D metabolism may not be the sole cause for the high Ca absorption in AH, since in some patients with AH, the intestinal Ca absorption appears to be inapp
Click on an image below to see the page. View
PDF of the complete article