First published March 1, 1975 - More info
The effect of increased peritubule capillary oncotic pressure on sodium reabsorption by the proximal tubule of the dog was investistigated after extracellular volume expansion (ECVE) with Ringer's solution or during continued hydropenia. Control measurements were made after ECVE or during hydropenia and again during renal arterial infusion with hyperoncotic albumin solution. Absolute reabsorption by the proximal tubule was calculated from fractional reabsorption and single nephron filtration rates as determined by micropuncture. Direct measurements of efferent arteriole protein were used to determine efferent arteriolar oncotic pressure. Albumin infused into the renal artery after ECVE significantly increased efferent oncotic pressure by 17.6 plus or minus 5.3 mm Hg. Fractional and absolute reabsorption by the proximal tubule increased from 20 plus or minus 6 to 37 plus or minus 5% and from 22 plus or minus 6 to 36 plus or minus 7 nl/min, respectively. During hydropenia, the albumin infusion significantly increased efferent oncotic pressure by 15.0 plus or minus 4.4 mm Hg. However, in contrast to the effect seen during ECVE, neither fractional nor absolute reabsorption was changed, delta equals 0.3 plus or minus 1.5% and 3 plus or minus 5 nl/min, respectively. Single nephron filtration rates were not significantly different between the groups and were unchanged by the albumin infusion. Peritubule capillary hydrostatic pressures, measured with a null-servo device, were not changed by the albumin infusion in either group. Renal interstitial hydrostatic pressure, measured from chronically implanted polyethylene capsules, was decreased significantly from 7.2 plus or minus 0.9 to 3.4 plus or minus 0.6 mm Hg in the hydropenic group and from 0.6 plus or minus 0.6 to 4.8 plus or minus 0.7 mm Hg in the Ringer's expanded group. In the hydropenic group, the increase in efferent oncotic pressure was nearly compensated for by changes in interstitial forces so that the calculated net force for capillary uptake was almost unchanged, 17.8 mm Hg before vs. 21.4 mm Hg during the albumin infusion. The increased efferent oncotic pressure in the Ringer's expanded group was not compensated, so that the calculated net force for uptake was increased, 11.9 mm Hg before to 22.2 mm Hg during the albumin infusion. Thus, while the increase in efferent oncotic pressure during albumin infusion was not significantly different between the groups, absolute and fractional reabsorptions were increased only in the animals in which the extracellular volume was expanded. The results suggest that ECVE alters the effect of increased peritubule oncotic pressure on sodium reabsorption by the proximal tubule.